NOVEMBER 14th - This Day In History
1770 – James Bruce discovers what he believes to be the source of the Nile.
1862 – American Civil War: President Abraham Lincoln approves General Ambrose Burnside's plan to capture the Confederate capital at Richmond, Virginia, leading to the Battle of Fredericksburg.
1916 – World War I: The Battle of the Somme ends.
1918 – Czechoslovakia becomes a republic.
1922 – The British Broadcasting Company begins radio service in the United Kingdom.
1940 – World War II: In England, Coventry Blitz is heavily bombed by German Luftwaffe bombers. Coventry Cathedral is almost completely destroyed.
1941 – World War II: In Slonim, German forces engaged in Operation Barbarossa murder 9,000 Jews in a single day.
1952 – The first regular UK Singles Chart published by the New Musical Express.
1957 – The Apalachin Meeting outside Binghamton, New York is raided by law enforcement, and many high level Mafia figures are arrested.
1965 – Vietnam War: The Battle of Ia Drang begins – the first major engagement between regular American and North Vietnamese forces.
1967 – American physicist Theodore Maiman is given a patent for his ruby laser systems, the world's first laser.
1969 – Apollo program: NASA launches Apollo 12, the second crewed mission to the surface of the Moon. 1970 – Southern Airways Flight 932 crashes in the mountains near Huntington, West Virginia, killing 75, including members of the Marshall University football team.
1971 – Mariner 9 enters orbit around Mars.
1973 – In the United Kingdom, Princess Anne marries Captain Mark Phillips, in Westminster Abbey. 1975 – Spain abandons Western Sahara.
1991 – American and British authorities announce indictments against two Libyan intelligence officials in connection with the downing of the Pan Am Flight 103.
1991 – In Royal Oak, Michigan, a fired United States Postal Service employee goes on a shooting rampage, killing four and wounding five before committing suicide.
2001 – War in Afghanistan: Afghan Northern Alliance fighters take over the capital Kabul.
2012 – Israel launches a major military operation in the Gaza Strip, as hostilities with Hamas escalate.
1719 – Leopold Mozart, Austrian violinist, composer, and conductor (d. 1787)
1840 – Claude Monet, French painter (d. 1926)
1896 – Mamie Eisenhower, American wife of Dwight D. Eisenhower, 41st First Lady of the United States (d. 1979)
1919 – Veronica Lake, American actress and singer (d. 1973)
1948 – Charles, Prince of Wales
1954 – Condoleezza Rice, American political scientist, academic, and politician, 66th United States Secretary of State.
1972 – Josh Duhamel, American model and actor
1975 – Travis Barker, American drummer, songwriter, and producer (Blink-182, +44, Transplants, TRV$DJAM, Expensive Taste, and Box Car Racer).
Holidays and observances
Children's Day, celebrated on the birthday of Jawaharlal Nehru. (India)
Christian feast day: Barlaam of Kiev Philip the Apostle (Eastern Orthodox Church)
Serapion of Algiers Emperor Justinian (Lutheran Church)
Samuel Seabury (Anglican Communion)
November 14 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
Day of the Colombian Woman (Colombia)
Equorum Probatio, the official cavalry parade of the equites, is held. (Roman Empire)
World Diabetes Day (International)